Ungrafted apple tree
Scientific name: Malus domestica
Trees, shrubs, or herbs, deciduous or evergreen. An easily grown plant, it succeeds in most fertile soils, including heavy ones, preferring a moisture retentive well-drained loamy soil. Prefers a sunny position but succeeds in partial shade though it fruits less well in such a situation. Fairly tolerant of cutting, it succeeds in a mixed hedgerow. A parent of the cultivated apple, it is often used as a rootstock. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
The fruit is full of various nutrients and vitamins such as vitamin A, B3, B5, B6, C, E and vitamin K. The fruit also contains potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc. The fruit can be used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It lowers glycation and lowers the production of advanced glycation end products. Apples also reduce the risk of cancer. When consumed on a daily basis, the risk of lung, prostate and colon cancer reduce significantly. The fruit is good for treating Alzheimer’s disease, Asthma, high blood pressure.
Apples are an important ingredient in many desserts, such as apple pie, apple crumble, apple crisp and apple cake. When cooked, some apple cultivars easily form a puree known as apple sauce. Apples are also made into apple butter and apple jelly. They are often baked or stewed and are also (cooked) in some meat dishes. The wood is used for making various article, stems and roots are used for making tannin extract, and young leaves are used as a substitute for tea. Numerous species are used for medical purposes or are cultivated as ornamentals.